Toronto Theft Lawyer Robb MacDonald Can Help With Your Case.
Minor crimes, including shoplifting, vandalism, thefts and frauds involving less than $5,000, are summary conviction matters. Offenders found guilty of these crimes face a maximum penalty of six months in jail and a $2,000 fine. Summary offenses fall within the exclusive jurisdiction of the provincial court,where judges hear cases without juries.
There is a category of crimes, known as hybrid or dual-procedure offenses. As the names suggest, these offenses can be prosecuted as either summary conviction or indictable matters. The Crown decides which procedure will be followed, an example of the discretionary power wielded by prosecutors. An act of mischief that damages property or a computer database, for instance, can be prosecuted as a summary conviction offense but, if pursued by indictment, could bring a two-year prison term upon conviction. A prosecutor may opt to proceed by indictment if the accused has a serious criminal record or the damage caused warrants the more severe punishment.